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Research

The Role of Direct Air Capture and Negative Emissions Technologies

This report assesses direct air capture with carbon storage (DACCS) use relative to other carbon capture methods and examines its side effects for global energy, water, and land systems.

Comparing 2020 Virginia Population Projections to the Census Count

Population projections provide an approximate idea of the expected future population size and are used in urban planning, resource allocation for emergency services, prioritizing public and private investments, and in many other ways. By using past observations with present trends and making certain plausible assumptions, we built the official 2020 projected population for each of […]

Why 2020 Census data needs to be treated with caution

It is difficult to name any data source that is more reputable than the U.S. decennial census data, which is collected every ten years. The enormous effort to collect the demographic information of every U.S. resident for the 2020 Census required half a million workers and a budget of over 14 billion dollars (more than […]

Who Practices What Religion Where in Virginia?

Both of us—one a demographer and one a religious studies grad student—have long been interested in the demographics of religion. Teaming up allowed us the opportunity to merge personal interest with professional curiosity and explore the religious makeup of Virginia and its localities—specifically, the importance of geography in determining a region’s religious characterization. Were individuals […]

Effects of Direct Air Capture Technology Availability on Power Sector

This study shows how the availability of direct air capture (DAC) affects the quantity of stranded assets – fossil fuels and infrastructure that remains unused – created under the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5°-2°C.

How accurate are our 50-State population projections?

Whenever a prediction, forecast, or projection for the future is made, the natural question that arises is “how good is it?” After our office prepared population projections for the 50 states and D.C., we’ve been eagerly awaiting the 2020 Census results so we can answer this question for ourselves. The answer: the accuracy of our […]

Meeting China’s 2060 Carbon Neutrality Goal

This paper models the use of direct air capture and other negative transmission technologies (NETs) in China to understand the role of NETs in helping China and the international community achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.

Developing a Smart Grid for Virginia

This report explores how smart grid capabilities can enable integration of clean energy resources, energy storage, and demand management technologies as Virginia's policymakers and stakeholders make the transition to clean energy.